A decisive factor for well-being - substrate for shrimp
A so-called active substrate, also called active soil, is often used in aquascaping because it brings the tap water, which is quite hard in many parts of Germany, to values suitable for aquarium plants. Active soil removes the carbonate hardness from the water, making it softer and at the same time slightly acidic.
It happens to be, that many dwarf shrimp species come from biotopes with soft to very soft water environments. These include in particular the pretty red/white and black/white bee shrimp, which are extremely popular in aquaristics and which also prefer water with a low to non-existent carbonate hardness in the aquarium.
Active soil especially for plant aquariums, however, is almost always quite strongly enriched with nutrients and therefore needs a relatively long so-called cycling phase, during which you should not yet occupy the aquarium with shrimp. During the cycling phase, a plant soil can release very high amounts of ammonium into the water.
This is usually not optimal for dwarf shrimp, as they can react very sensitively to degradation products from the nitrification process.
A special active substrate for shrimp like the Active Soil from Dennerle, the Shirakura Red Bee Sand, the ProScape ShrimpsSoil from JBL or the Shrimp Soil from Borneo Wild (you can find all these soils in our webshop) are less heavily fertilized. These so-called shrimpsoils are much better suited for keeping dwarf shrimp in aquariums than a conventional shrimpsoil for planted aquariums.
The aquatic plants still grow well even in these less-fertilized soils, so that these substrates actually represent a good compromise if you also want to keep shrimp in the plant aquarium.
The strong eaters among the aquarium plants can be provided with an appropriate substrate fertilizer and thus ensure that they receive the nutrients they need.
Especially on darker substrates, the shrimp's colours clearly come to effect, making them practically shine. Most shrimp soils are therefore dark brown to almost black.
With dark blue and black shrimp, however, this soil colour is a bit counterproductive, because you can hardly spot the animals on it at all. For this reason, JBL has launched the so-called ProScape Shrimps Soil, a lighter, beige-coloured soil and also a brown soil especially for keeping dwarf shrimp - which does not differ from the dark soils of other suppliers in terms of properties.
It softens the water just as well as the other active soil grounds and stabilizes the pH value in the slightly acidic range.