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Myriophyllum spicatum

Spiked Watermilfoil

Myriophyllum spicatum

Spiked Watermilfoil

  • Fine leaved plant from Europe, Asia and Africa
  • Rarely used for aquariums
  • Reddish stem, deep green leaves
  • Very fast growing
  • For cold and temperate tanks
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Description

Myriophyllum spicatum is the most common European watermilfoil species. It is winter-hardy in Germany; the plant remains green under water during winter. However this submerged plant is also distributed to southern Africa and wide parts of Asia. It grows in lakes and rivers, especially when they are nutrient-rich (eutrophic) and calcareous. In the nature, the stems get to 1-4 m long. The spike-like inflorescences poke out of the water during summer.
The Spiky Watermilfoil has reddish to dark red stems and deep green, finely pinnate leaves in whorls of four. The internodes are quite long, a typical feature of this species.

This native milfoil species is commonly said to be unsuitable for tropical tanks, however, after our experience it grows also well in more than 20 °C warm water, strong lighting and good nutrient and CO2 supply provided. In hard water with low CO2 level the leaves are often covered with lime deposits due to biogenic decalcification. With its very fast growth, frequent trimming is necessary. It is easily propagated by cuttings of its many branches.

Although not well known in aquaristics, Myriophyllum spicatum makes an ideal stem plant for well-lit cold water tanks that is also suitable for tropical aquariums up to about 25 °C. With its red stems and intensely green, feather-like leaves, it is attractive especially as a dense stand in the background to midground of tall tanks.

Please be aware that the submerse form of this plant could contain snails and other invertebrates.

Eurasian watermilfoil, Myriophyllum spicatum, is widely distributed in Europe and Asia but is also found down to the African tropics. It is the most common of the three Myriophyllum species native to Germany. It has been introduced into North America, where it has formed hybrids with native species that are closely related to it, and they have become invasive aquatic weeds in the USA.
M. spicatum is frequently found in the aquatic plant zone of nutrient-rich lakes and rivers given that they are not too heavily polluted. In summer, it sprouts flower spikes that grow out of the water, and which gave M. spicatum its species name (spica = spike).

Myriophyllum spicatum is mainly known as hardy garden pond plant, but grows also well in coldwater or temperate aquaria. It is a very fast grower and thus has to be trimmed quite frequently. (read more)

Complete botanical name Myriophýllum spicátum L.
Family Haloragaceae
Genus Myriophyllum
Difficulty easy
Usage Background, Midground
Aquascaping fine-leaved
Growth very fast
pH value 5 - 9
Temperature tolerance 4 - 30°C
Carbonate hardness 2 - 21°dKH
General hardness 0 - 30°dGH
Propagation Cuttings
Can grow emersed? unknown
Source Flowgrow
Complete botanical name
Myriophýllum spicátum L.
Family
Haloragaceae
Genus
Myriophyllum
Difficulty
easy
Usage
Background, Midground
Aquascaping
fine-leaved
Growth
very fast
pH value
5 - 9
Temperature tolerance
4 - 30°C
Carbonate hardness
2 - 21°dKH
General hardness
0 - 30°dGH
Propagation
Cuttings
Can grow emersed?
unknown
Source
Flowgrow

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