One of the most important factors in aquascaping is the structure of the aquarium substrate. The optimal basis is nutrient-rich soil like for example Aqua Soil by Aqua Design Amano (ADA) , which reduces water hardness and lowers the pH value. Moreover, it contains essential macro- and micronutrients. As in nature, the water plants can take in a large portion of the nutrients they need from the substrate, and they will react with lush growth. These soils do not only play an important role in aquascaping, but also in shrimp keeping. Microfauna grows especially well on soil substrates, which provides, in turn, baby shrimps with abundant food. Moreover, soil substrates change the water parameters to make them especially suitable for shrimps originating from soft-water habitats like e.g. bee shrimps.
In addition to a soil substrate you can use a special substrate fertiliser with an even larger nutrient depot that ensures a long-term nutrient supply via the substrate.
Decorative sand is used in unplanted areas and makes open spaces in your aquascape even more attractive.
There are numerous substrate additives you can use to increase the quality of your substrate, adding further nutrients in particular as well as useful bacteria cultures, which improves the biological stabilisation of your tank.